Articles

Soros, Trudeau, SNC & The Canada Investment Bank

updated April 12, 2019, published March 4, 2019
by M. Phillip Hall

Johanne Mennie, Justin Trudeau, Maxime Bernier

One thing George Soros, Justin Trudeau, SNC-Lavalin, and the People’s Party of Canada (PPC) have in common is the Canada Investment Bank (1). Since the Civilian Intelligence Network began covering Johanne Mennie and her involvement with the social economy and global communism (2), many naysayers have commented that Ms. Mennie was “just a civil servant” or they brush off her involvement because “it happened so long ago.” We have demonstrated that she was a lot more than a mere attendee at a corporate meeting; Johanne Mennie was a key player for the social economy agenda with deep connections to government policy creation and implementation.

Analysis of the October 2006 Tides Foundation Conference reveals a focus on the establishment of a national institution to act as a Social Investment Bank to support the social economy through investment by credit unions, banks, and pension funds (3). This Social Investment Bank, the brainchild of the Soros-linked Tides Canada Foundation, is being implemented under the name of the Canada Investment Bank by Justin Trudeau’s government (1). At the time these “Banks” were being planned, then-Deputy-Director Johanne Mennie (now Executive Director of the PPC) worked under Maxime Bernier. This begs the question: How could he not know about what was discussed at this meeting? He would have approved her expenses and therefore the purpose surrounding those expenses!

Figure #1: Tides Canada Foundation meeting minutes October 19-20 2006

The November 2018 Liberal budget announced by Finance Minister Bill Morneau contained a section on Social Finance. Simply, the document states: “The ultimate goal is to create a social finance market in Canada that doesn’t need ongoing government support.” (4)

To be clear, Bill Morneau is referring to Patient Capital, the financing required to implement community programs, cooperatives, outreach programs. (5) He is not addressing the hidden costs to these programs themselves: the billions of dollars in tax credits, or the grants and tax incentives Canada Revenue Agency pays out annually for these programs. Yet these programs, implemented in one form or another throughout Quebec, have never made a penny and always required ongoing government support.

Clearly, all attendees at the 2006 Tides Foundation meeting were aware this sector operates at a loss and that funding non-profits, foundations, and charities comes at great taxpayer expense at over $60 billion per year (6). This raises the question about the intention behind Justin Trudeau‘s new Infrastructure Bank, a huge component of the Canada Investment Bank, that will be funding community projects for non-profits. In a 2018 interview , Trudeau “had high praise for the work of organizations that support people in need through the social economy”. (7)

When asked about how he was addressing homelessness and his affordable housing strategy, Trudeau said he was aware of the issues concerning social housing:

We’re advocating for a human rights-based approach to housing…Our approach is different. It’s an approach that has been praised by the United Nations. We’re putting human rights, the right to dignity, to freedom of choice, to health and to safety at the center of our strategy… We’re listening, working with, and, most importantly, continuing to value the extraordinary work done by community organizations on the ground as well as social enterprises.
Justin Trudeau

Even though Stephen Harper cancelled these programs in 2006, a Canadian Task Force on Social Finance, consisting of organizational representatives in attendance at the 2006 Tides Canada Conference, was established in 2010. The representatives include: Tim Draimin from Tides Canada Foundation, Tim Broadhead from J.W. McConnell Family Foundation (current mentor of the Trudeau Foundation), Tamara Vrooman from Vancity and former Liberal Prime Minister Paul Martin (8).

Prime Minster Harper also spent considerable time trying to shut down the social economic loopholes that surrounded charities and foundations (9). The outcry over his attempts to shut down these taxpayer money traps was completely misguided (10). His efforts were instead, a patriotic attempt to release the grip of the United Nations globalist tentacles on Canadian Sovereignty. Imagine what a Canadian politician could do if not for the devices of the Quebec power elite (11).

It is important to note that while the names of organizations or programs may change, the social economic agenda has always continued. The following links show the history of how the 2006 Tides Canada meeting of October 2006 evolved into The Canadian Task Force on Social Finance established in 2010 by Rt. Hon. Paul Martin, and that it was funded by the Ontario Liberal government under the leadership of Dalton McGuinty. Note the same players present throughout. (12)(13)

The Paul Martin government passed the Social Economy torch to the Trudeau Liberal’s who have revived the programs and expanded their reach with an additional $400 million in funding to overseas initiatives. This investment merely represents the startup funds for these non-profit sectors and does not include the billions of dollars in tax credits that Canadian taxpayers fund. By financing overseas initiatives the Trudeau Liberal government is also spreading this left-wing Marxist agenda globally, as the following quote explains (14):

A Canadian attempt to help charities and non-profits find new ways to finance social services is set to be one of the largest such efforts in the world. A government-struck panel over the summer recommended the Liberals provide up to $500 million in financing for groups that provide services such as housing the homeless or skills training for hard-to-employ individuals. The government’s economic update this week went beyond that, promising $755 million over 10 years. Internal government documents from this fall note that similar funds overseas, scaled to Canada’s population and economy, would have about $400 million in government seed money.
Canadian Press

Will Canadians be further exploited by corporations and foundations to fund their social economy initiatives? History and current events say yes, absolutely. Both Tim Brodhead, Trudeau Foundation mentor and president from 2013-14, and representatives from SNC-Lavalin attended the infamous planning meeting for the Canada Investment Bank in 2006. SNC-Lavalin has been the sole beneficiary of the bank thus far (15).

The SNC-Lavalin scandal has shed light on the bribery and fraud surrounding the Liberal Infrastructure Bank. Billions of dollars of Canadian taxpayer money being poured into SNC-Lavalin with much of that cash going overseas. The World Bank has listed SNC-Lavalin as an ineligible firm to receive funding due to allegations of fraud and corruption (16). If SNC is convicted, the federal government is still on the hook to pay out the contracts’ worth to SNC‘s shareholders. That will not only damage the Canadian economy, the Canadian taxpayer will also be responsible for the losses. A bigger question is, how much of the $35 billion of the $186 billion in contracts already pledged has SNC have been signed with the current and fully realized, Canada Infrastructure Bank? And if convicted, how much money are we going to be shelling out to SNC?

An article from Press Progress answers that question for us (17):

one of the primary functions of the bank is to provide “loan guarantees” to private investors, essentially protecting their return on investment and making the taxpayer entirely liable in situations where forecasts prove inaccurate, projects fail, or costs otherwise accrue above and beyond what was expected

Not surprisingly, Press Progress also reported that “more than half of the Canada Infrastructure Bank’s Board of Directors have Liberal connections.“ (18)

In 2006, Stephen Harper‘s first act as prime minister was to implement The Director of Prosecutions Act, an independent prosecutor’s office designed to prevent future occurrences of corruption and allow public scrutiny (19). It worked perfectly (20)! In fact, from that same article, Jody Wilson-Raybould tells us that Gerald Butts had “talked to me about how the statute was set up by Harper (and) that he does not like the law“.

Guaranteed loans for this Canada Investment Bank project are just one issue. Another is that loans are only granted when a corporation or foundation proposal aligns with specific obligations. Terence Corcoran explains (21):

Corporate social responsibility (CSR), sustainable development, environmental and social corporate governance (ESG), impact investing, triple bottom line, social finance — no CEO in any major industry can deliver a speech without confirming his company’s dedication to one or all of the above along with a host of other politically correct objectives.

Corporations are being forced to abide with the UN Global Compact in order to obtain funding. Wasn’t it the Trudeau Liberals that said the UN Global Compact was not legally binding?

Throughout the article mentioned above, you will see how investment in Alberta’s oil sector is hampered by the political correctness imposed on corporations by the social economic model (21):

The rainforest should also be no place for bank CSR activities. But, in 2008, RBC pledged $500,000 to the Tides Canada Foundation to help fund the Great Bear Rainforest protection racket. Tides, whose objective is to kill Alberta’s oil sands, raised millions to close off 64,000 square kilometers of British Columbia forest. In other words, RBC’s corporate social responsibility — funded through its “Blue Water Project” — helped set up a rainforest that now serves as a barrier to getting Alberta oil to market.

This article also provides a brief summation of Canada’s Infrastructure Bank and the new social economy: “It’s just lending out government money” says Caron. “That’s not what the Infrastructure Bank is supposed to be about.” (22)

Indeed, the Bank’s purpose is to receive private equity and invest it in Canadian infrastructure, not lend government money. With time ticking away, repackaging old deals as new ones suggests things are not working out. “I have not heard of a single private firm that has decided to invest in the Infrastructure Bank,” says Caron. Meanwhile, transit is still delayed, schools and community centres are still in disrepair, and social housing still isn’t being built. (22)

Back in 2006, developing the social economy in Canada was a mere idea written in the minutes of a meeting attended by corporate elite and policy makers. In 2019, the Canada Infrastructure Bank has materialized. It is our intention, here at Civilian Intelligence Network, to dig deeper into this subject. In the few years that social finance programs have existed, government has not spent tax-dollars to fund infrastructure projects for the social economy. This is an entirely new venture that will ultimately consume billions of dollars, all on the backs of the Canadian taxpayer, and all going towards non-profit initiatives. Brace yourselves, the red-wave is definitely upon us!

References:

  1. https://globalnews.ca/video/3039210/morneau-announces-canada-investment-bank-invest-in-canada-hub-in-economic-outlook
  2. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/articles/
  3. https://corostrandberg.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/scaling-up-the-canadian-social-finance-sector.pdf
  4. https://nationalpost.com/news/politics/four-things-you-might-have-missed-in-the-federal-governments-2018-fall-fiscal-update
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patient_capital
  6. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/02/18/soros-tides-foundation-and-the-social-economy-slush-fund/
  7. https://news.streetroots.org/2018/07/20/conversation-canadian-prime-minister-justin-trudeau
  8. https://web.archive.org/web/20170829150028/https://www.marsdd.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/MaRSReport-socialfinance-taskforce.pdf
  9. http://rabble.ca/news/2014/12/montreal-based-charity-fears-closure-thanks-to-harpers-crackdown-on-charities
  10. http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/gerry-caplan/2014/11/canadas-auditgate-how-canada-revenue-attacking-harpers-enemies-a
  11. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/02/22/canada-has-a-quebec-problem/
  12. https://ssir.org/articles/entry/building_a_canadian_social_finance_fund#
  13. http://www.sigeneration.ca/about-us/partners/
  14. https://toronto.citynews.ca/2018/11/23/feds-social-finance-pledge-turns-canada-from-laggard-to-leader-experts-say/
  15. https://nationalpost.com/news/politics/billions-at-stake-for-snc-lavalin-corruption-conviction-would-bar-firm-from-federal-contracts-for-10-years
  16. http://www.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/procurement/debarred-firms
  17. https://pressprogress.ca/why-the-liberal-governments-infrastructure-bank-is-helping-big-banks-and-dumping-user-fees-on-citizens/
  18. https://pressprogress.ca/more-than-half-of-the-canada-infrastructure-banks-board-of-directors-have-liberal-connections/
  19. https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/d-2.5/page-1.html
  20. https://nationalpost.com/news/politics/the-tories-passed-a-measure-designed-to-catch-liberal-scandals-thirteen-years-later-it-caught-lavscam
  21. https://business.financialpost.com/opinion/terence-corcoran-is-corporate-social-responsibility-killing-alberta-oil
  22. https://torontosun.com/opinion/columnists/parkin-infrastructure-banks-face-saving-deal-hides-liberal-infrastructure-delays
Articles

Johanne Mennie: Deep Mysteries – Deep State

updated April 12, 2019, published March 1, 2019
by M. Phillip Hall

Recently, Civilian Intelligence Network (CIN) published a few articles on Maxime Bernier and the Peoples Party of Canada (1). These articles were well-researched and thoroughly referenced, however they raised many questions. We found a dark web of mysteries, a veritable network of connections with nefarious purposes.

The questions our readers had were: Why would Johanne Mennie as a government representative attend a meeting where discussions concerning the “Scaling Up the Canadian Social Finance Sector” (2) were being advocated for at a time when the government in power opposed such programs? Why would this group then recommend that they lobby the government to promote funding for the social economy? As a government official, was this meeting registered with the Lobbying Commission?

Why would her Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) department, after the Conservative Party of Canada (CPC) entered into power, warn social economy organizations and researchers to change the narrative of their projects from “advocacy” to “research” in order to obtain government funding? And why would she have an office with not one, but 13 Tax Credit accountants? This woman operated in the highest levels of government advocating for social economy programs. Here she is in 2015 , in the House of Commons petitioning for more TAX credits for foreign film companies. A simple civil servant, who spent her career giving out taxpayers money. (3)

Our articles show that she held many positions in Canadian Government: Deputy Director of the Social Sciences Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) & Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), Director of the Heritage Foundation, the Justice Department and a member of the Privy Council.

What is surprising however, is that she was also listed as Director of Canada Inc. (Fig.1) which has over 8,000 employees and a budget of $2.4 million which she launched between January-March of 2018 through the acquisition of an office from the Canadian Security Intelligence Services (CSIS). (Fig. 3, 4)

Canada Inc. manages 12,802 Government companies, 175,961 Charitable Organizations and Foundations, and an additional 548,848 Organization Companies, and Canada Inc. also shares the same phone number as Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. The address is that of the Canadian Justice Department, Canadian Heritage. (Figs. 5,6,7)

Now we have even more questions! What exactly is Canada Inc.? And why was it started, shortly before Maxime Bernier registered his People’s Party of Canada (PPC), with the Government of Canada? Is Canada Inc. the home office for the PPC? Or is it the home office for the social economy in Canada? Or is Canada Inc. the home office for “One World Government”? Apparently, Canada may very well have a deep state after all.

It is important to note, that since our research began on February 10, government web sites have been altered or removed, foundation documents have disappeared, and Mennie’s name has been limited in search engines, including CBC News. When our search into Johanne Mennie began, we had over 230 hits on our advanced web searches, today we have under 170 hits. For example, Mennie’s connection to Canada Inc. has all but disappeared. Figure one displays the contact information for Johanne Mennie listed her as the Director of Canada Inc., and now that has been suddenly changed to Director of Environment Canada (Fig.2). In fact, it now seems impossible to even find any connection between her and Canada Inc. at all. It’s a good thing Civilian Intelligence Network archived all of this! She was listed as the Director of Canada Inc. and of the Heritage Foundation at the same time. Note that Mennie had 13 Tax Credit Accountants on staff, all the more to hand out your money. (4)

On February 28th, 2019, We Are The News came out and disclosed that Maxime Bernier has blocked them from any further contact. This is an independent Quebec news outlet that had access to Maxime for years, yet when they reached out for comment they were immediately blocked (5). Johanne Mennie is not your average upstart political party volunteer. Civilian Intelligence Network requests all eyes on this one. The surprising lack of information about a government employee that has operated at the highest levels of policy-making for almost two decades, is alarming. People’s Party of Canada executives will not speak about it, they have mouthpieces attack us (6), and they are frantically running around deleting everything. Just another day in the life of sweet old lady, Johanne Mennie.

Figures:

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3

Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7

References:

  1. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/articles/
  2. https://corostrandberg.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/scaling-up-the-canadian-social-finance-sector.pdf
  3. https://openparliament.ca/committees/canadian-heritage/41-2/34/johanne-mennie-1/?page=4
  4. https://opengovca.com/employee/Mennie,_Johanne#overview
  5. https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1101112608042692609.html?refreshed=yes
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOgvxq-C0sk

Articles

Canada Has a Quebec Problem

updated April 12, 2019, published February 22, 2019
By Simone Georges

Sometime in the late 20th century a phenomenon arose in Quebec from far-left policy writers called the social economy (1). This creeping infiltration of socialism within the rest of Canada was largely enabled by the politicians elected from Quebec, beginning under the auspices of Pierre Trudeau, Jean Chrétien, then Paul Martin and culminating with the current Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau (2).

As of August 2018, another Quebec politician has thrown his hat in the ring. Maxime Bernier is proposing to oust Justin Trudeau in October of this year. He is presenting himself to Canadians as an advocate for free markets, taking a hard line against the Milk and Egg Boards, anti-multiculturalism and anti-corporate welfare. He has gathered a motley array of adherents from various sources, many disillusioned by the current political parties, looking for a new voice.

He set up his entourage from former colleagues and newer supporters: Martin Masse, a former staffer, now working as his senior advisor, Clinton Desveaux, a marketing specialist now working as fundraising director and Johanne Mennie, also a former staffer now filling the role of executive director for the PPC.

How is this related to this infestation of socialism within Canada? We previously published an article about Ms. Mennie’s involvement with promotion of the social economy which was well-supported with primary and secondary references. Many PPC supporters have refused to accept the truth of Ms. Mennie’s close involvement with the social economy initiative and the Tides Canada funding to forward this initiative. We referred to her attendance at the “Scaling Up the Canadian Social Finance Sector” conference on October 19-20, 2006 (3which was a Tides Canada Initiative. The claim was made that she was just a participant and was obliged to attend because it was part of her job.

Is Johanne Mennie a maligned bureaucrat?

The claim made to support Ms. Mennie’s innocence as pertains to being a key globalism financer was that she was just a bureaucrat doing her job. Why, if Ms. Mennie merely participated at this conference, did she then, on November 21 of the same year, attend a Privy Council meeting with three other members of the Tides Foundation team and lobby for social capital? (Figure #2)

Figure #2: On the left, meeting of the Privy Council. On the right, attendees at the Tides Foundation conference.

At the Tides Foundation conference, the objective was clear.

The Tides Canada had a clear political mandate as well: to build an alliances with political parties in order to “seed a social finance agenda.”

Figures #3, #4, #5:  The goal of the Tides conference

How is it possible to maintain that Johanne Mennie attended the meeting as a mere bureaucrat as is claimed by some members of the PPC (4)? Why would she then attend a meeting of the Privy Council and lobby for exactly the same socialist causes as were discussed at the Tides conference?

References were made by Coro Strandberg, author of “Canada 2030. Embedding Sustainability Into Corporate Governance” (5), at the Tides Conference to the urgent need for financial support through government agencies. This was an appeal to Ms. Mennie since her role was that of Deputy Director, Community Development and Partnerships Directorate, Department of Human Resources and Social Development (6).

Figure #6: Social Finance is Ms. Mennie’s #shop”.

It is easy to see that the meeting with the Privy Council was a follow-up to the Tides conference. During this meeting, Ms. Mennie spoke at length about the value of the social economy. Her words in the following screenshot summarize beautifully the urgency for social capital:

Figure #7: Embedded section of Privy Council discussion.

Who oversaw the HRSDC?

When looking into the actions of a bureaucrat, it is always advisable to look beyond to their superiors. At the time of the two meetings mentioned in this document, Johanne Mennie was working under Maxime Bernier (7). If in fact Ms. Mennie was a simple bureaucrat, is it then her superior that is to blame? In reading this quoted document, it is interesting to observe that Maxime Bernier himself was celebrating funding of the social economy through government subsidization (see embedded section of article by M. Bernier).

Figure #8: Excerpt from Maxime Bernier’s article quoted above.

Bernier remained Minister of Industry until August 2007. During this time AND beyond, Stephen Harper cancelled many Social Capital projects which earned him criticism from various sources (8), so clearly any promotion of the social economy was not under Mr. Harper’s purview. Even upon taking up his role as Prime Minister, Mr. Harper began cutting back on social funding, which act was decried as early as the privy council meeting in November of 2006 (see embedded quote of Mrs. Carol Hunter).

Figure #9: Quote from Privy Council meeting.

After Ms. Mennie’s time lobbying for the Social Economy and Social Capital, she went on to work with the Canadian Heritage Foundation and honed her skills at soliciting taxpayer funds to support various causes (9).

Implications

To fully grasp the magnitude of Ms. Mennie and Mr. Bernier’s involvement in the social economy initiative which is now undeniable, the reader must understand how closely linked this concept is to that of the UNGCM (10). To support this, we can fast forward to the Trudeau government’s recent promise of $755 million for social services for housing the homeless, the migrants and for jobs training (11). The information is available here as well:

Figure #10, #11

Clearly the social economy movement from Quebec is putting the taxpayer on the hook for enormous amounts of money, outlined in this article by Civilian Intelligence Network (2) and this is only the beginning as migrants continue to pour across the Quebec border. The creeping socialist infiltration of our Canadian schools, colleges, banks, industries, and political circles largely originating in Quebec from the numerous politicians elected from that province will soon be the end of free speech, freedom of choice and the end of Canada as we know it.

References:

(1) http://anserj.ca/index.php/cjnser/article/download/237/169

(2) https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/02/18/soros-tides-foundation-and-the-social-economy-slush-fund/

(3) https://corostrandberg.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/scaling-up-the-canadian-social-finance-sector.pdf

(4) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zT4iezGSxSw&feature=youtu.be

(5) https://www.jflglobal.com/media/uploads/news/2018-06/Canada_2030EmbeddingSustainability.pdf

(6) http://apps.ourcommons.ca/ParlDataWidgets/en/intervention/1782905

(7) http://publications.gc.ca/site/archivee-archived.html?url=http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/BT31-4-73-2006E.pdf

(8) https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/wealthy-foundations-wary-of-harpers-crackdown-on-charities/article4105884/

(9) https://openparliament.ca/committees/canadian-heritage/41-2/34/johanne-mennie-2/

(10) https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/sites/default/files/180713_agreed_outcome_global_compact_for_migration.pdf

(11) https://toronto.citynews.ca/2018/11/23/feds-social-finance-pledge-turns-canada-from-laggard-to-leader-experts-say/

Articles

The Worm at the Core of the PPC

updated April 12, 2019, originally published February 16, 2019
by Simone Georges

Canada’s fledgling new party sprung out of nowhere seemingly, offering deeply conservative cum libertarian values. Its founder and leader, Maxime Bernier, announced unequivocally that the Conservative Party of Canada is ’too intellectually and morally corrupt to be reformed’ (1) and proceeded to create a new party which he later named the People’s Party of Canada (2).

Is Bernier the pure-as-driven-snow politician he purports to be? To the some 35,000 of his followers, he can do no wrong. He has said all the right words, he has inspired disillusioned people to leap upon his bandwagon of CPC bashing and attacking of the leader who beat him in the leadership race in 2017, Andrew Scheer.

We have examined his background and found numerous inconsistencies, however it is his current associations that have raised red flags. For a leader who is a bastion of conservatism to hire an individual such as Johanne Mennie for both his Executive Director and Communications Director is astonishing.

Who is Johanne Mennie? Johanne has worked in numerous roles in the government throughout her career. One major consistency, however, has been her involvement in social engineering and promotion of social economy.

Ms. Mennie has been closely involved in more than one project with players such as Coro Strandberg who is the author of ‘Canada 2030: Embedding Sustainability into Corporate Governance’ (3), David LePage who is a founding partner of the Social Enterprise Institute (4) and Nancy Neamtan who is a promoter of social economy (5).

It is important to understand the definition of social economy. This video (10) lays out the definition quite well, however in sum, it is a social system that promotes people over profit.

Social economy is a major focus of the European Union and the United Nations. Because of increasing globalization, governments are being encouraged to promote a social economy rather than a profit-based enterprise model. In the words of Carol Hunter, Executive Director of the Canadian Co-operative Association and another known associate of Ms. Mennie, “In a time of a global economic crisis now, we need to have a profound rethinking of all the different business models that are sustainable — and co-operatives are definitely one of those different business models that we need to be looking at more so.” (6) Co-operatives are one of the many sustainable economic initiatives of Ms. Mennie and her associates.

Figure #1: Model developed by Nancy Neamtan and John Anderson

There are three main industrial sectors: firstly, the public sector which runs industries funded and government controlled, secondly the private sector which is for-profit and is run by privately owned companies that are answerable to their investors. The third industrial sector is the social economy under which umbrella are all for-profit and non-profit industries whose goal is to generate revenues for social and environmental causes (7).

Ms. Mennie and her associates have lobbied extensively with the government for the social economy. They proposed that the government should 1) develop regulations preferential to the establishment of social economy enterprises, 2) provide training to low-skilled people, 3) provide preferential government contracts to such enterprises, and 4) make funds available to establish and support such enterprises. Ms. Mennie was closely involved with the Vancity Plan Institute for Caring Citizenship which was funded by Tides Canada (11).

Suddenly Maxime Bernier’s push to ‘end corporate welfare’ makes perfect sense. He has made it abundantly clear that subsidizing traditional corporations such as Bombardier or GM is against his philosophy. Clearly, through his association with Ms. Mennie and her involvement in his new party, and his past involvement with the United Nations (8) his focus is social economy and promotion of socially run multi-national co-operatives with the goal of lifting out of poverty the unskilled migrants and non-migrant populations through government support, training and subsidization.

Even the name of Bernier’s new party is now clarified. Many spoke of its socialistic implications: People’s Party of Canada. All is now completely understandable; even Bernier’s support of China (9) is understandable as is his refusal to allow a leadership race for his fledgling party.

It is to be hoped that all his 35,000 supporters know what they are signing up for.

(1) https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/bernier-statement-conserative-1.4795894

(2)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6mHUJQlP-DM

(3) https://www.jflglobal.com/media/uploads/news/2018-06/Canada_2030EmbeddingSustainability.pdf

(4)https://www.impactboom.org/blog/2018/6/6/david-lepage-on-recreating-relationships-to-transform-communities-with-mission-driven-social-entrepreneurship

(5) https://neweconomy.net/resources/nancy-neamtan-social-economy-quebec-and-beyond

(6) https://leaderpost.com/news/all-about-co-operatives-in-canada

(7) http://www.noscommunes.ca/DocumentViewer/fr/39-1/HUMA/reunion-39/temoignages

(8) https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2005/cop11/eng/misc02p02.pdf

(9) https://pressprogress.ca/conservative_mp_maxime_bernier_wishes_canada_had_more_freedom_like_china/

(10) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fisXevC4M58

(11) https://corostrandberg.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/scaling-up-the-canadian-social-finance-sector.pdf