Articles

Civilian Intelligence Network Muzzled by Twitter for Mughal Criticism

Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey

published June 28, 2019

On June 18, 2019, Civilian Intelligence Network (CIN) published an article about the Aga Khan’s grip on Canada and the importance of stopping him from continuing to push his Mughal ideals on the Canadian public. In one of the first tweets promoting the article, CIN got a huge, obvious shadowban right off the bat! Twitter removed the only conversation from the tweet! This is a blatant display of their shadowbanning practices and can be used as an example of what Twitter is continuing to do today to stifle free speech.

First of all, what is shadowbanning? Basically, it means that someone or something is censoring you and trying to be sneaky about it. President Donald Trump shone a light on shadowbanning in 2018, when he claimed that Republicans were getting shadowbanned on Twitter (1). Twitter tried to pretend that only having search boxes not auto-completing was the only problem that they “fixed overnight.” Was it really fixed overnight, and was it just search boxes that were affected? Their statement sure does not sounds very re-assuring!

Twitter began addressing “healthy public conversation” through a variety of changes earlier this year, he said. “In May (2018), we started using behavioral signals and machine learning to reduce people’s ability to detract from healthy public conversation on Twitter.” Essentially, Twitter is trying to employ user data to make Twitter more usable for people, with this glitch an unintended consequence.

Unintended? Yeah right! “Healthy public conversation?” According to whom? And we actually believe that this is only happening to “verified accounts with more than 100K followers?” Anyone who actually trusts what Twitter says needs a serious wake-up call. That’s right folks, in case you didn’t know, you are not allowed to decide what your own interests or opinions are! Instead, Twitter has us covered with their ongoing “conversational health work (2).”

Many Twitter users from smaller accounts have noticed their tweets were disappearing from conversations over the last year. People who noticed this were adding the letter “X” to their account names, to warn people that their tweets are often censored (3).

It appears that not much has changed since 2018. On July 27, 2019, an article by Sara Carter was released detailing how Twitter is using almost the exact same language today to explain what they are doing to “protect the health of public conversation (4).”

In regards to the conversation on the CIN’s tweet, what was the reason for removing the entire conversation? Was it because one tweet mentioned “crushing” the Aga Khan? One look at the context shows that it’s in response to a tweet referring to crushing in a political sense. Also, it is not a call to any sort of violence and is in fact, only a question. Here is the dialogue that was censored:

Screenshot #1
Screenshot #2
Screenshot #3
Screenshot #4
Screenshot #5

The original tweet shows these replies no longer exist in the thread, and even seem to change whether someone is logged into twitter or not! However, keeping in line with the idea of a shadowban, the people in the conversation can still see it if they look on their own timeline. All seems fine from there, so people might assume everything is okay. Meanwhile more voices in the world have been shut down.

References:

1. https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-twitter-shadow-banning-2018-7
2. https://twitter.com/jack/status/1022196722905296896
3. https://www.thedailybeast.com/why-a-red-x-is-the-new-symbol-of-conservative-twitter
4. https://saraacarter.com/breaking-twitter-confirms-new-policy-to-hide-tweets-but-claims-its-in-the-public-interest/?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=social-pug

Articles

The Aga Khan’s Stranglehold on Alberta

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is image.png
Rachel Notley

Published April 22, 2019

In October 2018, Rachel Notley, along with the Aga Khan, University of Alberta, and Lt-Governor of Alberta Lois Mitchell, announced an extravagant project that had been recently completed (1). The project is called the “Garden of Life” , and its purpose is to continue to inject Islam into the fabric of Canada (2).

Built within the University of Alberta Botanic Garden (3), the idea of the garden was first announced in 2009, in a speech the Aga Khan gave at his graduation ceremony, when he received an honorary doctor of law degree (4). He also signed a new “agreement (5)” with the university and announced the creation of the Global Institute of Pluralism in Ottawa (6).

Pluralism

To understand the garden and the Aga Khan himself, it is necessary to know what pluralism is since this is the concept that he promotes the most.

According to Merriam-Webster, pluralism is “a state of society in which members of diverse ethnic, racial, religious, or social groups maintain and develop their traditional culture or special interest within the confines of a common civilization (7)”. That sounds great but the issue is that the Aga Khan is simply poised to promote and develop his own traditional culture more than other people can promote theirs.

In other words, most people simply don’t have the means to draw such massive crowds and build extravagant buildings to highlight their culture or beliefs. This sounds like a perfect way to actually promote and encourage the growth of one culture, while the others slowly disappear. The Aga Khan actually gets Canada to pay (8) for some of these projects, even his projects in other countries (9)!

Behind the idea of pluralism, it has become easier for the Aga Khan and his globalist friends to spread Islam and their other ideals, since people are still free to practice whatever they want and won’t put up a fight or feel threatened. However, since not everyone can create these huge monuments and buildings, other cultures will likely just quietly fade away in comparison. Maybe this is why even the Muslim Brotherhood (10) promotes pluralism (11)!

An article written in 2010 about Brooks, Alberta, sums up what may happen when we have new immigrants who don’t understand Canadian laws (12). It refers to Sudanese immigrants, but I’m sure it can apply to anyone:

The Sudanese community has had its problems because of a lack of understanding of what the law is. They saw the law as something else and they didn’t put themselves in it… (also) cocaine, which has been in the town for years, arrived suddenly in larger quantities and found a ready market among some immigrants.

Higher crime rate and more violent streets “arrived suddenly” at the same time as hundreds of immigrants! It seems that things have not gotten much better in Brooks, with some people now fearing that the city may become Canada’s first “no-go zone (13).”

The Garden

While it may fall under the umbrella of pluralism, the garden really is more like cultural programming (14). Principal architect for the project, Thomas Woltz said (15), “The message of this garden is one, I believe, of pluralism”. For now maybe, but the end goal is world domination (16). It is not surprising that Mohammad himself promoted pluralism, since non-Muslims became “the people of the dhimma” and had to pay a “jizya” tax (17)! We can be sure our regular Canadian taxes will still be in effect too! A dhimmi refers to a non-Muslim subject in conquered Muslim lands (18):

A non-Muslim subject of a state governed according to the shari’a who is granted the freedom to worship and is entitled to the protection of life and property by the state, although constrained to pay a special tax and not granted the full legal status accorded to Muslim subjects. The status of dhimmi was originally limited to Christians and Jews but has occasionally been extended to Hindus, Zoroastrians, and others.

In addition to that, the word is also used disparagingly towards non-Muslims who are acting in a “conciliatory manner.” And because the Aga Khan practices his own concept of Islam to create a “super state (19)”, it is difficult to say exactly what he has planned for his Dhimma. It looks like we may find out soon! Welcome to Dhimmanada!

At the inauguration of the garden on October 16, 2018, the Aga Khan said this about the project (20):

(The) Garden has its roots in very different times and places. The symbol of the Garden as a spiritual symbol goes back to the Holy Qur’an itself—where the Garden ideal is mentioned many times. Down through many centuries, Islamic culture has continued to see the Garden as a very special place, where the Human meets further proof of the Divine.

Speaking of divine, the garden even features “a skyline of rosy-white Portuguese limestone towers, atop an imposing podium of granite and limestone. This is the Talar — the Persian word for ‘throne’ (21) .” Exactly whose divine throne is in that garden? It certainly is not God’s (22)! Even if you’re okay with wandering around the throne of satan, there are other considerations that may come to mind.

First of all, when considering the role of the garden, the Aga Khan spoke of it being a “social space.. a place for learning, for sharing, for romance, for diplomacy, for reflection on the destiny of the human race (23).” This is HIS idea of the destiny of the human race! Have the people embrace Islam in every possible way!

In this disturbing article (24), it is openly admitted that the garden is there to change the culture and society of Canada to presumably turn it into a Muslim culture:

Edmonton joins other cities including Bamako, Cairo, Delhi, Kabul, and Toronto in hosting parks and gardens that were conceived or rehabilitated by the AKTC as catalysts for positive economic, social, and cultural change…

The Mughal Empire and people are emphasized many times in news coverage as far as the inspiration behind that garden and its message (25). Rachel Notley even goes so far as to say that is not just Mughal architecture, but “traditions” as well (26). These traditions prove that pluralism is actually pacification:

The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in native societies during most of its existence, rather co-opting and pacifying them through conciliatory administrative practices and a syncretic, inclusive ruling elite, leading to more systematic, centralized and uniform rule.

The garden only drastically promotes one type of culture and one type of religion, for the purpose of further spreading the ideas of Islam into the Canadian population. In fact, the addition of the Aga Khan Garden is going to drastically increase the number of people who visit the University of Alberta campus (27). Considering the motto of the garden, that “no one leaves unchanged (28)”, it looks like bacon will be off the shelves in Alberta in no time!

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is image-1.png
The “Talar”


Rachel Notley and the Aga Khan’s Culture Bomb

On May 10th, 2018, Notley and the Aga Khan met for a discussion about the “Agreement of Cooperation” in place since 2012 between the Government of Alberta and the Ismaili Imamat (29)”. She said that is was a time to “reflect on Alberta’s longstanding relationship with the Ismaili Imamat, and the many values we share, including the importance of cultivating pluralism in a diverse society…”, and by pluralism she means Islam! She also expressed her gratitude and stated that “diversity makes us stronger.” Where have we heard that before?

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Rachel Notley and Aga Khan – The view from the “throne”

When Notley said that the garden was influenced by Mughal traditions, did she even understand the meaning of that? Has she seen the above quote about the traditions of the Mughal Empire? Do the rest of the politicians in Canada know what it means? Either they are ignorant or complacent. The Khan and his followers are here to attempt to usher in a new global era!

Rachel Notley and Canada’s Indigenous People

The Aga Khan has a good friend in Rachel Notley (30). She’s not alone as far as being someone involved in his network. After all, it seems hard to resist him. However, one of the first things that Notley and Mitchell mention right away in their speeches is that the land belongs to Treaty 6 Indigenous peoples (31)! What a slap in the face! At the time of truth and reconciliation, let’s drop a huge Islamic garden in their backyard! Kids in Ontario have to learn Ojibwe in school, and meanwhile they are stamping out First Nations in Alberta? There is not even a feather in the K’s garden for them.

There is a tiny Indigenous Garden (32) located within the larger Botanic Garden that was created in 1980. From the look of the pictures, not a thing has been done to the place since! At least the page for the Indigenous Garden includes some berries and most of a plaque about pine trees!

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Aga Khan Garden versus the Indigenous Garden

In her first paragraph of her speech at the inauguration of the garden, Notley says:

I’d like to begin by joining President Turpin and Her Honour, by acknowledging that we are all here on the traditional territory of Treaty Six and also to recognize the Métis people of Alberta who share a very deep connection with Islam that we are very, very, effectively celebrating here today.

Is the connection so deep that their culture is barely represented in that garden? Yes, very effective indeed! A spiritual space that has nothing to do with our very spiritual Aboriginal Canadians? They must know that when Islam comes, it will stamp their culture out just like it did in this garden. The blatant lack of respect here is astounding. They both mentioned that they are on Treaty 6 land just to say that they did, then proceeded to insult the people. The following map (33) shows that Islam and even the Japanese are represented more in that garden than our First Nations are. Perhaps this is representative of where the university gets its money from?

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Map of the Botanic Garden

Yet, in spite of all of this, Notley was recently awarded a Blackfoot name and headdress at a ceremony in Lethbridge, Alberta (34). She was praised for “accomplishing a lot” and “taking over the government.” The ceremony drew criticism on social media, and Dee Brown is quoted in the article as saying:

Who was consulted about this decision?… I’m pretty sure the general consensus of the population strongly disagrees about honouring a politician who has forsaken so many of our people.

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Aksitooskitsiphpaki

Although the organizers of this event likely meant well, there does seem to be a need to educate people about the kind of agreements that are happening in Alberta and the rest of Canada with the Aga Khan. He may seem harmless and many of the things he does actually improve lives. No one is objecting to building new hospitals or ensuring access to clean drinking water. The issue is that the focus is on specifically assisting his Ismaili subjects first, then getting local governments to pay for it (35).

Meanwhile in Canada, the only change that the Khan wants is cultural change. He is not improving life for vulnerable Canadian people. They put a huge Islamic garden full of running water on Treaty 6 territory, while there are 38 short-term drinking water advisories in our First Nations. Six of those communities are in Alberta (36)! So to honour Notley means that you honour our government and you honour the Aga Khan.

References:

  1. https://www.akdn.org/speech/sua-alteza-o-aga-khan/inauguration-aga-khan-garden-alberta
  2. theeastafrican.co.ke/news/ea/The-Aga-Khan-Garden-of-Life-gift-to-Canada/4552908-4814868-wgnjd6/index.html
  3. edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/live-aga-khan-officially-opens-islamic-garden
  4. https://ismailimail.blog/2009/06/09/aga-khan-receives-honorary-degree-from-university-of-alberta/
  5. http://sun.ismaili.net/drupal5/node/22687
  6. pluralism.ca
  7. merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pluralism
  8. web.archive.org/web/20070506071433/http://www.akdn.org/news/2006Oct25.html
  9. thestar.com/news/gta/2014/02/28/aga_khan_prime_minister_stephen_harper_announce_100m_joint_aid_venture.html
  10. cbc.ca/news/canada/muslim-brotherhood-activities-need-to-be-probed-in-canada-report-says-1.2654636
  11. thetribunepapers.com/2016/11/22/the-muslim-brotherhood-plan-to-dominate-north-america/
  12. therebel.media/alberta-jason-kenney-ucp-immigration-cbc-ezra-levant-politics?page=2
  13. thestar.com/news/canada/2010/10/17/brooks_the_melting_pot_of_alberta.html
  14. the.ismaili/news/aga-khan-garden-place-joy-delight-and-wonder
  15. edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/live-aga-khan-officially-opens-islamic-garden
  16. answering-islam.org/Authors/Arlandson/ultimate_goal.htm
  17. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhimmi
  18. thefreedictionary.com/dhimmi
  19. amaana.org/sultweb/message.htm#World of Islam — A Super State
  20. https://www.akdn.org/speech/sua-alteza-o-aga-khan/inauguration-aga-khan-garden-alberta
  21. edmontonjournal.com/entertainment/local-arts/paula-simons-no-person-leaves-unchanged-new-aga-khan-garden-a-gift-of-paradise
  22. allahisnotgod.wordpress.com
  23. https://www.akdn.org/speech/sua-alteza-o-aga-khan/inauguration-aga-khan-garden-alberta
  24. the.ismaili/news/aga-khan-garden-place-joy-delight-and-wonder
  25. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_Empire
  26. panopticnews.com/gatewaygazette/imamat-day-statement-from-premier-notley/
  27. canadianinteriors.com/2018/10/19/aga-khan-garden-opens-at-university-of-alberta/
  28. edmontonjournal.com/entertainment/local-arts/paula-simons-no-person-leaves-unchanged-new-aga-khan-garden-a-gift-of-paradise
  29. the.ismaili/diamond-jubilee/mawlana-hazar-imam-and-alberta-premier-rachel-notley-discuss-ongoing-cooperation
  30. ismailimail.blog/?s=rachel+notley
  31. https://www.akdn.org/speech/honourable-rachel-notley/inauguration-aga-khan-garden-edmonton
  32. botanicgarden.ualberta.ca/gardens-collections/indigenous-garden/
  33. botanicgarden.ualberta.ca/visit/map-of-the-garden/
  34. globalnews.ca/news/4990780/premier-rachel-notley-blackfoot-name-headdress-criticism/
  35. https://ismailignosis.com/2015/08/02/the-secret-life-of-the-aga-khan/
  36. https://www.canada.ca/en/indigenous-services-canada/services/short-term-drinking-water-advisories-first-nations-south-60.html#alb

Articles

The Criminal Cartel of the Canada Infrastructure Bank Board

published March 21, 2019

In this follow up to “BlackRock, SNC & The Infrastructure Bank: Meet the Global Construction Cartel” we continue with The Canada Infrastructure Bank Board and the who’s who of global communist policy makers. The same players transfer from boards of foundations to boards of corporations to ministers of government, not because they are good at what they do, but because they follow the rules of the multilateral (HYBRID) universe of international treaties. It is big business to sell out the tax payers and their sovereignty to the one world government.

Other Members of the Canada Infrastructure Board include (1):

  • James Cherry: James Cherry served on the Board of Governors and Board of Directors for the United Way Canada (2). Key executives from the president’s office of SNC-Lavalin were also involved with the United Way: Gilles Laramee was on the board (3), Jacques Lamarre was on the council of Governors (4), and Pierre Duhaime was on fundraising committee(4). James Cherry is also on the board for the Foundation of Greater Montreal (FGM)(7). The Foundation of Greater Montreal is a member of the Community Foundations of Canada (CFC), an organization that brings together 191 foundations that operate across Canada and the managed assets of which total over $5.8 billion (8). The FGM had a direct partnership with United Way and SNC-Lavalin (9). Several SNC-Lavalin executives have served on the FGM Board including: Michael Novak (10) and Jacques Bougie (current board member of SNC-Lavalin and mentor to the Trudeau Foundation)(11)(12)(13)(26) and a director of McCain Foods Ltd. (13). Canada’s Finance Minister Bill Morneau is married to McCain Foods heiress Nancy McCain (14). Morneau was instrumental in setting up the Infrastructure Bank.

Tim Brodhead was instrumental in planning the initial workings of the Infrastructure Bank along with Tides Canada Foundation (5). He has served on several boards with James Cherry: Board of Directors for the United Way (4), Board of Directors for FGM (7), and Board of Governors for Concordia University (21). Tim Brodhead is currently the President of the Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation and was also interim president of the Trudeau Foundation from 2013-2014 (6). It goes without saying that if Tides Foundation is involved so then is philanthropist George Soros (22)(23), who seems to have his hands in everyone’s cookie jar including our Canadian Infrastructure Bank.

  • Ms. Poonam Puri was a Trudeau Foundation post-doctoral fellow and award recipient (15). She is also a member of the International association of law schools (IALS) (16)(17). The International Association of Law Schools is a private, non-political, non-profit, collaborative, learned society dedicated to serving the worldwide legal education community. It consists of more than 170 law schools and departments from over 55 countries representing more than 7,500 law faculty members (18). It’s primary mission includes: To foster mutual understanding and respect for the worlds varied and changing legal systems and culture, to prepare lawyers for transnational global practice, to work with entities to develop guidelines and adapt legal education to the needs of changing society regarding international and transnational law (19). Many law schools participating in IALS programs receive funding from the Open Society Foundation (29). It has been proposed that IALS build a database of funding organizations that promote the Rule of Law such as intergovernmental organizations (the United Nations system, the European Union and the Council of Europe) to specific NGOs and foundations (such as the Carnegie Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Open Society Foundation etc.) that could act to open up funding venues for its member(30).

Ms. Poonam Puri led a research project which investigated the reconfiguration of transnational governance: (20)

A profound transformation in global regulation has resulted in a shift from a reliance on nation-state-driven treaty and law-making to a highly decentralized set of processes of norm-creation, that involve and are fueled by both public and private, governmental and non-governmental actors, operating in an emerging ‘post-national’ and ‘transnational’ space.”

This directed research project is situated in this uniquely interdisciplinary and fast-developing field at the intersection of law, governance, finance and globalization…. the project, will focus on the Equator Principles (“EPs”)… to illuminate the reconfiguration of transnational governance.”

The EPs constitute a voluntary common framework established in 2003, to which 67 global financial institutions have agreed for evaluating and managing social and environmental risk in privately-financed development projects.”

The EP’s ambitious regulatory framework promises to incorporate corporate social responsibility, environmental responsibility, and human rights into the very core of the decision making process within the participating global banks, in some cases extending to all of a participating banks.”

Canadians must have missed this memo? Are the banks reconfiguring from a “transnational state” into an “international state” of governance”? For the many Canadians that still believe we are a “sovereign state”, just how exactly will these “Equator Principals” impact the regulatory framework of Canada’s Infrastructure Bank? After all Canadian pension funds are being used and it the Canadian taxpayers (not the international community) that will be on the hook for incurred losses?

  • Janice Fukakusa was Senior VP and chief internal auditor for RBC and chairman of RBC Ventures Fund (31) and now is on the Board of Directors for Canada Infrastructure Bank. Former SNC-Lavalin executives are also directors with Royal Bank Directors (24) and they include: Guy St. Pierre who was former CEO of SNC-Lavalin and mentor to the Trudeau Foundation (25), Jacques Bougie who is currently on the board of directors for SNC-Lavalin and McCain Foods and mentor on the Trudeau Foundation (24)(26)(27). In addition the president of McCain Foods, G. Wallace F. McCain is also director and on the audit committee for RBC (32).
  • Jane Bird was a senior Engineer from SNC-Lavalin and now sits on the Board of Directors of Canada Infrastructure Bank (28).
  • Kimberly Baird is a renowned First Nations Chief in BC and founder of Kim Baird Strategic Consulting (33). She helped to negotiate the Tsawwassen First Nations Treaty in BC, a modern urban land development treaty that would act to extinguish aboriginal title and rights to First Nations land whereby all land had to be registered and taxed (34). Chief Baird then helped to spearhead a major retail and commercial development project for two large shopping malls on First Nations land which was tied to a “social economy” community program (35)(36). She is described as a “wealthy retail land baron” by her Tsawwassen First Nations community(33), who fear that poverty and unemployment may drive them off their land. The partners in this land development project were Ivanhoe Cambridge and Property Development Group. Ivanhoe Cambridge is a subsidiary of Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec (CDPQ), the Quebec pension plan (37). Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec is the major stock holder of SNC-Lavalin (38).
  • Dave Bronconnier was Mayor of Calgary when SNC-Lavalin was awarded the 1 Billion dollar Calgary LRT contract from the city(39). His biography states that he is Director of Interloq Capital Inc. (1), but a thorough internet search for that company could not be found.
  • Michele Colpron is Vice President of Finance & Investments Administration for CDP Capital which operates as a subsidiary of Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec (CDPQ) and one of their principal construction partners is SNC-Lavalin (40). CDPQ is also the principal shareholder of SNC-Lavalin (38).
  • Christopher Hickman was the Chairman and CEO of Marco Group, a large construction company (41) that partnered on contracts with SNC-Lavalin (42). He also served on the board of Nalco Energy that also gave contracts to SNC-Lavalin(43).
  • Stephen Smith was on the board of directors for the CD Howe Institute. SNC-Lavalin is a member of CD Howe Institute (44). Stephen Smith was also on the board METROLINX/Go transit. Metrolix awarded contracts to SNC-Lavalin for Crosslinx Transit Solutions (45).
  • Patricia Youzwa was CEO of SaskPower that gave SNC-Lavalin millions in contracts (46). Current reports show that SaskPower overpaid 111 million to SNC-Lavalin (47).

The extent to which the foreign criminal syndicate call the shots leave little ability for our elected ministers of parliament to do anything about it. That is, if they are not in on the con to begin with. These people know the agendas, they agree with the agendas, and further the agendas of UN Global Compacts of every sort. SNC is the construction cartel in Canada (48). The amalgamation of the Canada Infrastructure Bank with BlackRock is a non-partisan Red Alert moment for all Canadian Patriots!

References:

  1. https://cib-bic.ca/en/board-of-directors/
  2. http://www.unitedway.ca/about-us/our-team/james-c-cherry/
  3. http://www.altalink.ca/files/pdf/reports/2008-Financial-Report.pdf
  4. http://www.centraide-mtl.org/documents/26141/upload/documents/centraide-mtl_rapport_annuel_2010_ang_2.pdf
  5. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/03/03/soros-trudeau-snc-the-canada-investment-bank/
  6. http://www.fondationtrudeau.ca/en/community/tim-brodhead
  7. https://www.fgmtl.org/en/pdf/AR2013.pdf
  8. https://fgmtl.org/en/fcc.php
  9. https://web.archive.org/web/20080609024250/http:/www.fgmtl.org/en/partners.php
  10. https://www.fgmtl.org/en/nouvelle.php?n=74
  11. https://web.archive.org/web/20080610092431/http:/www.fgmtl.org/en/board_fgm.php
  12. http://www.snclavalin.com/en/about-us/board-directors/
  13. http://www.fondationtrudeau.ca/en/community/jacques-bougie
  14. https://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/bill-morneau-and-nancy-mccains-house-in-bennington-heights/view/google/
  15. https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://www.trudeaufoundation.ca/fr/activites/evenements/poonam-puri-et-isabella-bakker-au-tedxvaughanwomen-2016&prev=search
  16. https://docplayer.net/8398485-The-role-of-law-schools-and-human-rights.html
  17. http://www.ialsnet.org/
  18. http://ials.symlaw.ac.in/pdf/Pres-release.pdf
  19. https://web.archive.org/web/20171229103229/http://www.ialsnet.org/charter-bylaws/
  20. https://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1003&context=syllabi
  21. https://www.concordia.ca/content/dam/concordia/offices/archives/docs/bog-minutes/2011-12-08.pdf
  22. https://sorosfiles.com/soros/2011/10/the-tides-foundation.html
  23. https://canadafreepress.com/article/soros-tides-canada-under-investigation
  24. http://www.rbc.com/investorrelations/pdf/3rbe10.pdf
  25. http://archives.bulletinsoiq.qc.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=446%3Aguy-st-pierre-nouveau-mentor-de-la-fondation-trudeau&catid=304%3Ale-genie-saffiche&Itemid=280&lang=fr
  26. http://www.snclavalin.com/en/about-us/board-directors/jacques-bougie.aspx
  27. http://www.trudeaufoundation.ca/en/community/jacques-bougie
  28. https://probusvancouver.com/probus-meeting-jane-bird-building-the-canada-line/
  29. http://iqac.jgu.edu.in/document/naac_self-study_report_op_jindal_global_university_june_2015.pdf
  30. http://www.ialsnet.org/meetings/role/papers/vandeKasteelenMichiel%28TheNetherlands%29.pdf
  31. https://news.ontario.ca/mof/en/2014/01/economic-advisory-panel-members.html
  32. http://www.rbc.com/investorrelations/pdf/3rbe10.pdf
  33. https://web.archive.org/web/20170709205858/http://kimbaird.ca/611/
  34. http://billtieleman.blogspot.com/2007/07/tsawwassen-first-nations-treaty.html
  35. https://www.ivanhoecambridge.com/en/news-and-media/news/2014/01/tsawwassen-groundbreaking
  36. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/massive-mall-planned-for-tsawwassen-treaty-lands-1.1202844
  37. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivanho%C3%A9_Cambridge
  38. https://montrealgazette.com/business/snc-lavalin-has-made-remarkable-progress-caisse-ceo-says
  39. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/city-awards-west-lrt-contract-1.806639
  40. https://www.cdpq.com/sites/default/files/medias/pdf/en/ra/ra2001_survol_activites_en.pdf
  41. https://www.northernpen.ca/business/three-more-nl-business-leaders-headed-to-ja-hall-of-fame-266488/
  42. http://stjohnsairport.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/News-Release-Grand-Opening-of-Expanded-Terminal-Building_-Departures.pdf
  43. https://www.thetelegram.com/news/myth-nalcor-energy-did-all-engineering-and-procurement-work-252958/
  44. https://www.cdhowe.org/members/S?type=1
  45. https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2015/04/22/snc-led-group-wins-crossl_n_7120110.html
  46. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatchewan/snc-lavalin-carbon-capture-project-saskpower-1.3291554
  47. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatchewan/snc-lavalin-carbon-capture-project-saskpower-1.3291554
  48. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/03/07/blackrock-snc-canada-infrastructure-bank-meet-the-global-construction-cartel/
Articles

BlackRock, SNC & The Infrastructure Bank: Meet the Global Construction Cartel

published March 18, 2019
updated May 5, 2019

Justin Trudeau & Michael Wernick: The joke is on Canadian taxpayers.

When the Canadian government entered into an agreement with BlackRock in 2017, what occurred was a partnership with the Canada Infrastructure Bank (CIB). In doing so, Canada became affiliated with the world construction cartel. Key players in SNC Lavalin, the newly-minted CIB, and the Privy Council are developers of the social economy, a complex scheme to fleece Canada.

Considering the key players involved, some of the CIB funding is likely going to support infrastructure overseas to back the construction cartel (26). This is a funding resource for SNC because they have been barred from bidding on World Bank projects. The CIB is wealth transfer diverting Canadian tax dollars and pension funds to third-world countries to build their infrastructure, create jobs, and stimulate their economy. Let’s have a look at the current CIB board members. We will see how they overlap through government, business, and foundations.

Bruno Guilmette served as interim Chief Investment Officer of Canada Infrastructure Bank, where he established the organization’s initial investment policies and processes (1). Previously, he served on the Executive Committee and Board of the Global Infrastructure Investor Association (GIIA). The GIIA plans and delivers a program of global advocacy and stakeholder engagement that promotes global private investment in infrastructure(2)(3). Rapid income growth across developing countries, as well as rapid urbanization, is driving enormous demand for infrastructure investment that is vital to their country’s future economic growth. However, many of these emerging economies are stuck on the same question: how do we pay for this?

Worldwide investment in infrastructure needs to average $3.3 trillion a year to support global economic growth aspirations and provide citizens with essential services. (2)

Government budgets are being strained by public debt, but according to most estimates there is more than $1 trillion in private sector capital available from millions of individual citizens in the form of pension funds (4). Institutional investors and bank assets could also “partially support infrastructure projects”, with 87% of these funds originating from advanced economies (2). As is described in this article written by the GIIA, Canada’s Infrastructure Bank is setting up the guidelines for the procurement of money for these global infrastructure programs (4):

Two countries that are succeeding in unlocking this dry powder (pension funds) are Australia and Canada. They have invested in a specialist central resource (Infrastructure Bank) to gather and share best practices for procuring bodies, thereby building a capability to identify the pipeline of infrastructure requirements and the tool kit of financial models to procure them.”

Therefore, Trudeau’s Infrastructure Bank, promoted by the Liberals as a tool for developing infrastructure projects within Canada, was an out-right lie to Canadians. Infrastructure development, jobs, and the economic growth that comes with it was never intended to service the needs of Canadians, but rather to benefit global construction companies and citizens of third-world economies! Companies such as SNC-Lavalin were the only ones awarded contracts and half of these contracts were funding for work outside Canada (5).

Who better to help implement this “Global Infrastructure Bank” than Bruno Guilmette(6)? Guilmette not only served on the Global Infrastructure and Investment Association (GIIA) board, but also as the Senior Vice-President of Infrastructure at PSP Investments, Canada’s largest pension investment managers (7). Mr. Guilmette also served as the Senior Director of Investments & Infrastructure at the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (6), the Quebec Pension Plan that is the largest shareholder of SNC-Lavalin (8). Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec even procured a contract with Canada Infrastructure Bank to build a rail system in Montreal, and SNC-Lavalin received the funding (9)(10)(11):

And it’s true that SNC-Lavalin’s largest shareholder is the Quebec public-service pension fund, whose pet project is a light-rail network, whose main construction contractor is SNC-Lavalin. And it’s true that the head of the pension fund pushed hard for the federal government to set up an Infrastructure Bank whose only investment to date… was in the light-rail network promoted by the pension fund that is SNC’s biggest investor and which, in turn, is the rail project’s biggest contractor.”

Bruno Guilmette also has other ties to SNC-Lavalin and they include:

  • Bruno Guilmette is director of Boralex Inc. (6)(14). Alain Rheaume, who is on the board of directors of SNC-Lavalin, is also board of directors for Boralex Inc. (15).
  • Bruno Guilmette is on the board of Avi Alliance (6), which is a subsidiary of Hochtief (an international construction services provider). Hochtief has partnered with SNC-Lavalin on infrastructure contracts (16).

Billions of dollars of Canadian taxpayer money is being poured into SNC-Lavalin (5). The World Bank has also listed SNC-Lavalin as an ineligible firm to receive funding for contracts due to allegations of fraud and corruption (27). This being the case, was the Infrastructure Bank set up to fund the corrupt construction cartels? A bigger question is, how much of the $35 billion of the $186 billion in contracts already pledged has SNC have been signed with the Infrastructure Bank? Another issue concerning SNC, is that taxpayers may be on liable if “forecasts prove inaccurate, projects fail, or costs otherwise accrue above and beyond what was expected (25).”

Blackrock, a US-based asset management company overseeing $5.1 trillion in investments (17), reported on February 8, 2018 that it was raising $10 billion in private equity funds and that it would seek a private commitment from sovereign wealth funds (e.g. pension funds) and other institutional investors, to set up a fund called “BlackRock Alternative Investments” (18)(19). Heading up this project was Andre Bourbonnais, who was Senior Managing Director of the CPP Investment Board and Global Head of Investment Partnerships (2010-2015). Before that, he worked for Caisse de Depot et Placement du Quebec (2004-2010)(20). The current president of Canada Infrastructure Bank, Pierre Lavallee, worked for Andre Bourbonais in 2012 at CPP Investment Board as VP for Investment Partnerships (12).

What exactly is the “BlackRock Alternative Investments” fund? Social economy is often referred to as the “alternative economy”, a global movement powered by corporations and their foundations to promote communism (21). This raises several questions: Is Canada’s Infrastructure Bank managed by BlackRock? Does BlackRock have controlling interest in this bank? And will this bank be used to fund the social economy (17)? The connections between these pension boards, corporations, and the president and directors of the Canada Infrastructure Bank warrant public scrutiny.

New evidence reveals that BlackRock’s role in the Canada Infrastructure Bank may have also included advising on key personnel including Pierre Lavallee, the current president of Canada Infrastructure Bank (22). Trudeau consulted BlackRock extensively for the $35 billion investment in the new bank which critics say will put the interests of investors ahead of Canadian Taxpayers (23). After all, BlackRock’s fiduciary responsibility is to its clients and not Canadian taxpayers, pension investors, or consumers. Moreover, the Paradise Papers include 9 companies connected to the BlackRock Group. These are tax havens that contribute to income inequality, benefiting wealthy corporations at the expense of taxpayers (17).

Corporation share holders, not Canadian taxpayers, will be the beneficiaries of today’s Social (Green) Economy.

This year’s election should definitely not focus on the dairy cartel and supply management, for that is but a smoke screen when compared to the billions of dollars at stake in the hands of the construction cartel and its influence on Canada Infrastructure Bank. It is a cartel which includes not only SNC-Lavalin, but many other corporations operating in Quebec, including those supporting members of the People’s Party of Canada. Out of 34 corporations that donated to Maxime Bernier, 21 were related to the construction industry. After all, the Beauce is a lot more than just dairy! One thing is certain, Canada is no longer a sovereign state but rather being run like a corporation, whereby the rights of citizens are being left at the wayside in favour of the globalist agenda. Canadians were never informed, never consulted, nor did we vote for this. We are indeed living under Canada Inc. (24).

Continue reading “The Criminal Cartel of the Canada Infrastructure Bank Board“.

References:

  1. https://cib-bic.ca/en/board-of-directors/
  2. http://giia.net/infrastructure/
  3. http://giia.net/we-need-to-act-together-to-deliver-better-infrastructure/
  4. http://giia.net/author/tim-horan/
  5. https://www.thepostmillennial.com/feds-spend-4-2-billion-in-borrowed-money-since-snc-lavalin-scandal-broke/
  6. https://cib-bic.ca/en/board-of-directors/bruno-guilmette/
  7. https://www.investpsp.com/en/
  8. https://montrealgazette.com/business/snc-lavalin-has-made-remarkable-progress-caisse-ceo-says
  9. https://www.macleans.ca/politics/ottawa/canada-the-show/
  10. https://www.cdpq.com/en/news/pressreleases/canada-infrastructure-bank-invests-in-reseau-express-metropolitain-project-with
  11. http://www.snclavalin.com/en/reseau-express-metropolitain-rem-canada-engineering-procurement-construction
  12. https://www.linkedin.com/in/pierre-lavall%C3%A9e-473b0b4/?originalSubdomain=ca
  13. https://web.archive.org/web/20160326002325/www.cppib.com/en/what-we-do/investment-partnerships.html.
  14. https://www.linkedin.com/in/bruno-guilmette-12270445/?originalSubdomain=ca
  15. http://www.snclavalin.com/en/about-us/board-directors/alain-rheaume.aspx
  16. https://montrealgazette.com/news/local-news/0416-city-lavalin
  17. https://nupge.ca/content/canada-infrastructure-bank-promoter-involved-tax-havens
  18. https://privatecapitaljournal.com/blackrock-raise-us-10b-long-term-private-equity-fund/
  19. https://privatecapitaljournal.com/blackrock-recruits-another-senior-cppib-executive/
  20. https://www.linkedin.com/in/andre-bourbonnais-3a063519/.
  21. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/02/18/soros-tides-foundation-and-the-ppc/
  22. https://blackrocktransparencyproject.org/2018/08/27/how-canadas-infrastructure-bank-was-created-by-and-set-up-to-benefit-blackrock/
  23. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/liberals-gave-investors-extraordinary-control-over-infrastructure-bank-opposition/article34910106/
  24. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/03/01/johanne-mennie-deep-mysteries-deep-state/
  25. https://pressprogress.ca/why-the-liberal-governments-infrastructure-bank-is-helping-big-banks-and-dumping-user-fees-on-citizens/
  26. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/03/03/soros-trudeau-snc-the-canada-investment-bank/
  27. https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/snc-lavalin-agrees-to-10-year-ban-from-world-bank-projects-1.1316719

Articles

Soros, Trudeau, SNC & The Canada Investment Bank

updated April 12, 2019, published March 4, 2019

Johanne Mennie, Justin Trudeau, Maxime Bernier

One thing George Soros, Justin Trudeau, SNC-Lavalin, and the People’s Party of Canada (PPC) have in common is the Canada Investment Bank (1). Since the Civilian Intelligence Network began covering Johanne Mennie and her involvement with the social economy and global communism (2), many naysayers have commented that Ms. Mennie was “just a civil servant” or they brush off her involvement because “it happened so long ago.” We have demonstrated that she was a lot more than a mere attendee at a corporate meeting; Johanne Mennie was a key player for the social economy agenda with deep connections to government policy creation and implementation.

Analysis of the October 2006 Tides Foundation Conference reveals a focus on the establishment of a national institution to act as a Social Investment Bank to support the social economy through investment by credit unions, banks, and pension funds (3). This Social Investment Bank, the brainchild of the Soros-linked Tides Canada Foundation, is being implemented under the name of the Canada Investment Bank by Justin Trudeau’s government (1). At the time these “Banks” were being planned, then-Deputy-Director Johanne Mennie (now Executive Director of the PPC) worked under Maxime Bernier. This begs the question: How could he not know about what was discussed at this meeting? He would have approved her expenses and therefore the purpose surrounding those expenses!

Figure #1: Tides Canada Foundation meeting minutes October 19-20 2006

The November 2018 Liberal budget announced by Finance Minister Bill Morneau contained a section on Social Finance. Simply, the document states: “The ultimate goal is to create a social finance market in Canada that doesn’t need ongoing government support.” (4)

To be clear, Bill Morneau is referring to Patient Capital, the financing required to implement community programs, cooperatives, outreach programs. (5) He is not addressing the hidden costs to these programs themselves: the billions of dollars in tax credits, or the grants and tax incentives Canada Revenue Agency pays out annually for these programs. Yet these programs, implemented in one form or another throughout Quebec, have never made a penny and always required ongoing government support.

Clearly, all attendees at the 2006 Tides Foundation meeting were aware this sector operates at a loss and that funding non-profits, foundations, and charities comes at great taxpayer expense at over $60 billion per year (6). This raises the question about the intention behind Justin Trudeau‘s new Infrastructure Bank, a huge component of the Canada Investment Bank, that will be funding community projects for non-profits. In a 2018 interview , Trudeau “had high praise for the work of organizations that support people in need through the social economy”. (7)

When asked about how he was addressing homelessness and his affordable housing strategy, Trudeau said he was aware of the issues concerning social housing:

We’re advocating for a human rights-based approach to housing…Our approach is different. It’s an approach that has been praised by the United Nations. We’re putting human rights, the right to dignity, to freedom of choice, to health and to safety at the center of our strategy… We’re listening, working with, and, most importantly, continuing to value the extraordinary work done by community organizations on the ground as well as social enterprises.
Justin Trudeau

Even though Stephen Harper cancelled these programs in 2006, a Canadian Task Force on Social Finance, consisting of organizational representatives in attendance at the 2006 Tides Canada Conference, was established in 2010. The representatives include: Tim Draimin from Tides Canada Foundation, Tim Broadhead from J.W. McConnell Family Foundation (current mentor of the Trudeau Foundation), Tamara Vrooman from Vancity and former Liberal Prime Minister Paul Martin (8).

Prime Minster Harper also spent considerable time trying to shut down the social economic loopholes that surrounded charities and foundations (9). The outcry over his attempts to shut down these taxpayer money traps was completely misguided (10). His efforts were instead, a patriotic attempt to release the grip of the United Nations globalist tentacles on Canadian Sovereignty. Imagine what a Canadian politician could do if not for the devices of the Quebec power elite (11).

It is important to note that while the names of organizations or programs may change, the social economic agenda has always continued. The following links show the history of how the 2006 Tides Canada meeting of October 2006 evolved into The Canadian Task Force on Social Finance established in 2010 by Rt. Hon. Paul Martin, and that it was funded by the Ontario Liberal government under the leadership of Dalton McGuinty. Note the same players present throughout. (12)(13)

The Paul Martin government passed the Social Economy torch to the Trudeau Liberal’s who have revived the programs and expanded their reach with an additional $400 million in funding to overseas initiatives. This investment merely represents the startup funds for these non-profit sectors and does not include the billions of dollars in tax credits that Canadian taxpayers fund. By financing overseas initiatives the Trudeau Liberal government is also spreading this left-wing Marxist agenda globally, as the following quote explains (14):

A Canadian attempt to help charities and non-profits find new ways to finance social services is set to be one of the largest such efforts in the world. A government-struck panel over the summer recommended the Liberals provide up to $500 million in financing for groups that provide services such as housing the homeless or skills training for hard-to-employ individuals. The government’s economic update this week went beyond that, promising $755 million over 10 years. Internal government documents from this fall note that similar funds overseas, scaled to Canada’s population and economy, would have about $400 million in government seed money.
Canadian Press

Will Canadians be further exploited by corporations and foundations to fund their social economy initiatives? History and current events say yes, absolutely. Both Tim Brodhead, Trudeau Foundation mentor and president from 2013-14, and representatives from SNC-Lavalin attended the infamous planning meeting for the Canada Investment Bank in 2006. SNC-Lavalin has been the sole beneficiary of the bank thus far (15).

The SNC-Lavalin scandal has shed light on the bribery and fraud surrounding the Liberal Infrastructure Bank. Billions of dollars of Canadian taxpayer money being poured into SNC-Lavalin with much of that cash going overseas. The World Bank has listed SNC-Lavalin as an ineligible firm to receive funding due to allegations of fraud and corruption (16). If SNC is convicted, the federal government is still on the hook to pay out the contracts’ worth to SNC‘s shareholders. That will not only damage the Canadian economy, the Canadian taxpayer will also be responsible for the losses. A bigger question is, how much of the $35 billion of the $186 billion in contracts already pledged has SNC have been signed with the current and fully realized, Canada Infrastructure Bank? And if convicted, how much money are we going to be shelling out to SNC?

An article from Press Progress answers that question for us (17):

one of the primary functions of the bank is to provide “loan guarantees” to private investors, essentially protecting their return on investment and making the taxpayer entirely liable in situations where forecasts prove inaccurate, projects fail, or costs otherwise accrue above and beyond what was expected

Not surprisingly, Press Progress also reported that “more than half of the Canada Infrastructure Bank’s Board of Directors have Liberal connections.“ (18)

In 2006, Stephen Harper‘s first act as prime minister was to implement The Director of Prosecutions Act, an independent prosecutor’s office designed to prevent future occurrences of corruption and allow public scrutiny (19). It worked perfectly (20)! In fact, from that same article, Jody Wilson-Raybould tells us that Gerald Butts had “talked to me about how the statute was set up by Harper (and) that he does not like the law“.

Guaranteed loans for this Canada Investment Bank project are just one issue. Another is that loans are only granted when a corporation or foundation proposal aligns with specific obligations. Terence Corcoran explains (21):

Corporate social responsibility (CSR), sustainable development, environmental and social corporate governance (ESG), impact investing, triple bottom line, social finance — no CEO in any major industry can deliver a speech without confirming his company’s dedication to one or all of the above along with a host of other politically correct objectives.

Corporations are being forced to abide with the UN Global Compact in order to obtain funding. Wasn’t it the Trudeau Liberals that said the UN Global Compact was not legally binding?

Throughout the article mentioned above, you will see how investment in Alberta’s oil sector is hampered by the political correctness imposed on corporations by the social economic model (21):

The rainforest should also be no place for bank CSR activities. But, in 2008, RBC pledged $500,000 to the Tides Canada Foundation to help fund the Great Bear Rainforest protection racket. Tides, whose objective is to kill Alberta’s oil sands, raised millions to close off 64,000 square kilometers of British Columbia forest. In other words, RBC’s corporate social responsibility — funded through its “Blue Water Project” — helped set up a rainforest that now serves as a barrier to getting Alberta oil to market.

This article also provides a brief summation of Canada’s Infrastructure Bank and the new social economy: “It’s just lending out government money” says Caron. “That’s not what the Infrastructure Bank is supposed to be about.” (22)

Indeed, the Bank’s purpose is to receive private equity and invest it in Canadian infrastructure, not lend government money. With time ticking away, repackaging old deals as new ones suggests things are not working out. “I have not heard of a single private firm that has decided to invest in the Infrastructure Bank,” says Caron. Meanwhile, transit is still delayed, schools and community centres are still in disrepair, and social housing still isn’t being built. (22)

Back in 2006, developing the social economy in Canada was a mere idea written in the minutes of a meeting attended by corporate elite and policy makers. In 2019, the Canada Infrastructure Bank has materialized. It is our intention, here at Civilian Intelligence Network, to dig deeper into this subject. In the few years that social finance programs have existed, government has not spent tax-dollars to fund infrastructure projects for the social economy. This is an entirely new venture that will ultimately consume billions of dollars, all on the backs of the Canadian taxpayer, and all going towards non-profit initiatives. Brace yourselves, the red-wave is definitely upon us!

References:

  1. https://globalnews.ca/video/3039210/morneau-announces-canada-investment-bank-invest-in-canada-hub-in-economic-outlook
  2. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/articles/
  3. https://corostrandberg.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/scaling-up-the-canadian-social-finance-sector.pdf
  4. https://nationalpost.com/news/politics/four-things-you-might-have-missed-in-the-federal-governments-2018-fall-fiscal-update
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patient_capital
  6. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/02/18/soros-tides-foundation-and-the-social-economy-slush-fund/
  7. https://news.streetroots.org/2018/07/20/conversation-canadian-prime-minister-justin-trudeau
  8. https://web.archive.org/web/20170829150028/https://www.marsdd.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/MaRSReport-socialfinance-taskforce.pdf
  9. http://rabble.ca/news/2014/12/montreal-based-charity-fears-closure-thanks-to-harpers-crackdown-on-charities
  10. http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/gerry-caplan/2014/11/canadas-auditgate-how-canada-revenue-attacking-harpers-enemies-a
  11. https://shawnpaulmelville.com/2019/02/22/canada-has-a-quebec-problem/
  12. https://ssir.org/articles/entry/building_a_canadian_social_finance_fund#
  13. http://www.sigeneration.ca/about-us/partners/
  14. https://toronto.citynews.ca/2018/11/23/feds-social-finance-pledge-turns-canada-from-laggard-to-leader-experts-say/
  15. https://nationalpost.com/news/politics/billions-at-stake-for-snc-lavalin-corruption-conviction-would-bar-firm-from-federal-contracts-for-10-years
  16. http://www.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/procurement/debarred-firms
  17. https://pressprogress.ca/why-the-liberal-governments-infrastructure-bank-is-helping-big-banks-and-dumping-user-fees-on-citizens/
  18. https://pressprogress.ca/more-than-half-of-the-canada-infrastructure-banks-board-of-directors-have-liberal-connections/
  19. https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/d-2.5/page-1.html
  20. https://nationalpost.com/news/politics/the-tories-passed-a-measure-designed-to-catch-liberal-scandals-thirteen-years-later-it-caught-lavscam
  21. https://business.financialpost.com/opinion/terence-corcoran-is-corporate-social-responsibility-killing-alberta-oil
  22. https://torontosun.com/opinion/columnists/parkin-infrastructure-banks-face-saving-deal-hides-liberal-infrastructure-delays